Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Notropis: A misnomer given by Rafinesque to shriveled specimens, with the meaning of "back keel"; from Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335); rubellus: rubellus, meaning reddish (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 5°C - 24°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?; 50°N - 33°N
North America: Atlantic Slope from St. Lawrence drainage in Quebec, Canada to James River drainage in Virginia, USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River) and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Manitoba, Canada and south to North Carolina, Alabama, Arkansas and Oklahoma, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 6.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits rocky runs and flowing pools of small to medium rivers. Common in upland areas and clear streams with fast current.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .