Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Notropis: A misnomer given by Rafinesque to shriveled specimens, with the meaning of "back keel"; from Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335); buchanani: Named after the former president of Arkansas Industrial University, Dr. J. L. Buchanan (Ref. 10294). More on author: Meek.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 46°N - 26°N
North America: Mississippi River basin from Pennsylvania, USA to New Brunswick in Canada, Kansas, and Oklahoma, and from Minnesota and Wisconsin south to Alabama and Louisiana, USA; Calcasieu River in Louisiana, USA to Rio Grande in Texas in USA and Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 12193)
Occurs usually over sand in quiet pools and backwaters of small to large rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294). Spawns over sluggish riffles composed of sand or fine gravel (Ref. 79012).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.36 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .