Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Notropis: A misnomer given by Rafinesque to shriveled specimens, with the meaning of "back keel"; from Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335); atherinoides: From the words atherina, meaning silverside; and oides, Greek suffix indicating resemblance (Ref. 10294). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; ? - 31°C (Ref. 35682); 64°N - 30°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 4.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 8.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: widely distributed throughout Canada and south to Virginia and Texas, USA.
Adults inhabit lakes and pools and runs of medium to large rivers. Most common in clear water over sand or gravel. Form schools (Ref. 1998). Move to the surface at dusk to feed on microcrustaceans, midge larvae, and algae; descends to deeper waters at daybreak (Ref. 1998). Are preyed upon by birds (gulls, terns, mergansers, cormorants) and fishes (Ref. 1998). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00300 - 0.01007), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.29 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; K=0.87; tmax=4; Fec=2,990).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .