Siniperca chuatsi  (Basilewsky, 1855)

Mandarin fish
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Siniperca chuatsi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percichthyidae (Temperate perches)
Etymology: Siniperca: Latin, sino, sina = from China + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.4; dH range: 2 - 5; depth range 10 - ? m (Ref. 26334).   Temperate; 4°C - 22°C (Ref. 2059); 53°N - 34°N, 113°E - 142°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); max. published weight: 8.0 kg (Ref. 56557); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 56557)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Big mouth, upper jaw extend trailing edge of eye. High body, side flat, backside with ridges. Anomalistic macula and dark spots on the sides; 4-5 dark horizontal stripes near the base of dorsal fin (Ref. 85820).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Amur River basin and China.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rivers (Ref. 26334). Are demersal piscivores which have very specialized feeding habits--as soon as they start feeding, they feed solely on fry of other fish species. Typical of stalking predators, they rely on vision for following the movement of prey before leaping forward and snapping at the victim. Prey consist mostly of diurnal fishes whose eyes have color vision and high acuity but cannot function at night. The habitat of the Chinese perch is usually rich in macrophytes and might be very turbid during rainy season (Ref. 28033).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Arratia, Gloria | Collaborators

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 1996. Cyclostomata and fishes of Khanka Lake drainage area (Amur river basin). An annotated check-list with comments on taxonomy and zoogeography of the region. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. :89 p. (Ref. 13397)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00643 - 0.01784), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1-2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.