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Diaphus theta  Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1890

California headlightfish
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Diaphus theta   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Diaphus theta (California headlightfish)
Diaphus theta
Picture by Orlov, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes (Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae (Lanternfishes) > Lampanyctinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335);  theta: Named after the Greek letter and refers to the body photophores which are divided horizontally by a fine line of black pigment (Ref. 6885).   More on author: Eigenmann, Eigenmann.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 3400 m (Ref. 50550), usually 10 - 400 m (Ref. 28981).   Deep-water; 66°N - 20°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4925)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 14; Vertebrae: 34 - 36. Adipose small, narrow based, slender (Ref. 6885). Brown to black on dorsal surface, lighter ventrally; fins pale (Ref. 6885). Branchiostegal rays: 9 (Ref. 31442).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: common in California Current region to 20°S (Ref. 31442), including Hawaii (Ref. 4925). Northwest Pacific: throughout subarctic-transitional waters to northern Japan (Ref. 31442).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Epipelagic to mesopelagic (Ref. 31442). Feed at night or in the morning (Ref. 9199), on euphausiids, copepods, and amphipods (Ref. 11712). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 31442). Lipid content is 15.8 % in fresh body weight while wax ester is present in trace amounts (Ref. 9197). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 6885.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 31442).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Paxton, John | Collaborators

Clemens, W.A. and G.V. Wilby, 1961. Fishes of the Pacific coast of Canada. 2nd ed. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada Bull. (68):443 p. (Ref. 4925)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00389 - 0.02140), b=3.04 (2.83 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.