Hiodon alosoides  (Rafinesque, 1819)

Goldeye
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Hiodon alosoides
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Hiodontidae (Mooneyes)
Etymology: Hiodon: From Greek letter "gamma, "y", due to the shape of the teeth; Greek, odous = teeth; bone forming the base of the tongue (Ref. 45335);  alosoides: alosoides --- shadlike, referring to its general shape and similarity to Alosa, Clupeidae (Ref. 1998).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 69°N - 31°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 31.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 3221); max. published weight: 1.7 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 14 years (Ref. 12193)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: western Ontario to the Mackenzie River as far down as Aklavik. In the east, it extends southwest below the Great Lakes, through the Ohio and Mississippi River drainages. In the, west it occurs southeast from western Alberta, through eastern Montana and Wyoming, to Oklahoma.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in deep, open pools and channels of turbid, lowland rivers; small lakes and impoundments (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on surface and aquatic insects, crustaceans, mollusks, small fishes, frogs, shrew, and mice (Ref. 10294). Migrates upstream in the spring to spawn and feed. Moves downstream in the fall. Mainly nocturnal. Preyed upon by birds, some mammals, and other fishes. Marketed smoked.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00507 - 0.01640), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 5,761).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.