Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 45°N - 42°N, 15°E - 18°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 38 - 41. Diagnosed from its congeners by the possession of the following characters: lips markedly thickened laterally, groove behind upper lop interrupted in middle; upper jaw not protrusible; 80- 100 pored lateral line scales in adults; 100-110 total scales in midlateral row; scales deeply embedded in skin; skin conspicuously thickened in adults, especially during spawning season when most scales become indistinct (they are relatively distinct in juveniles and small adults outside spawning season); scales narrowly to widely spaced, covering whole body; 19-26½ scale rows between lateral line and dorsal origin (Ref. 59043).
Europe: Bosnia-Herzegovina from streams and springs in Popovo, Ljubomirsko, Dabarsko, and Fatnicko poljes; Croatia from Bacina lakes and some springs in southern Dalmatia.
Inhabits streams with clear water and enters subterranean waters and caves (Ref. 59043). Reported to occur in lakes and lowland water courses, with little current (Ref. 26100). Threatened due to pollution and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00349 - 0.01726), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .