Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 45°N - 42°N, 15°E - 19°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 5.9 cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 38 - 41. Diagnosed from its congeners by having the following characters: very thin, not overlapping scales; entire body covered by scales, often not overlapping, especially in pre-pelvic area; narrow dark midlateral stripe from opercle to caudal base, separated from dark area on back by an unpigmentd stripe; dorsal fin with 7-8½ branched rays; anal fin with 8½ branched rays; snout stout, markedly rounded, mouth subterminal; skin not thickened, scales distinct; lateral line usually almost complete, if interrupted, only narrowly in a few places, with 51-70 total scales (Ref. 59043).
Europe: streams and springs in Nevesinje, Gacko, Cernica and Dabar poljes, probably also Lukovac polje in Bosnia-Herzegovina; recorded in 1901 from Ljuta drainage in southern Croatia, not seen there since.
Occurs in lakes and in water courses at high altitudes and on low plains, with little current (Ref. 26100). Inhabits streams with clear water. Enters subterranean waters in karstic areas. Ripe individuals are encountered in May (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to pollution and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00296 - 0.01347), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .