Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 45°N - 42°N, 15°E - 18°E
Europe: Lika-Jadova, Ričica and Otuca drainages in Croatia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - ? cm
Max length : 16.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 39. Diagnosed from its congeners by having the following characters: dorsal fin with 7½ branched rays; anal fin usually with 8½ (rarely 7½) branched rays; posterior margin of dorsal and anal fins markedly rounded; snout stout, markedly rounded, mouth almost or clearly subterminal; skin not thickened, scales clearly visible, covering whole body, often narrowly to widely separated, especially in pre-pelvic area; scales very thin, not overlapping; lateral line usually ending above anal fin, usually slightly interrupted, usually with 51-70 pored scales; and broad dark midlateral stripe from eye to end of caudal peduncle within pigmented area on back and flank (Ref. 59043).
Found in lowland water bodies, with little current, and in springs and associated wetlands (Ref. 26100). Inhabits streams and sources with clear (often cold) water. Occurs in subterranean waters during winter or droughts. Threatened due to pollution, habitat destruction and introduction of Alburnus arborella, Squalius cephalus and Lepomis gibbosus (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
Endangered (EN) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)); Date assessed: 31 January 2006
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00314 - 0.01524), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .