Dasyatis centroura  (Mitchill, 1815)

Roughtail stingray
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Dasyatis centroura   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Dasyatis centroura (Roughtail stingray)
Dasyatis centroura
Picture by Gasparini, J.L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays)
Etymology: Dasyatis: Greek, dasys = rough, dense (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 3 - 270 m (Ref. 57911), usually 15 - 50 m (Ref. 4438).   Subtropical; 45°N - 35°S, 90°W - 36°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 66 - 100 cm
Max length : 220 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 4438); common length : 125 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999); max. published weight: 300.0 kg (Ref. 57911)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. Disc sub-quadrangular with strongly sinuous former edges, blunt snout (Ref. 39859). Large size and spacing of mid-dorsal bucklers, conspicuous tubercles on the outer parts of disc (Ref. 6902). Tail with numerous rows of small spines. Ventral finfold long, but quite low, not easily seen, dorsal finfold absent (Ref. 7251). Olive brown above, white or nearly below. Lower surface white and without dark edgings (Ref. 6902).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to Angola, including the Mediterranean Sea, Madeira, and Canary Islands. Western Atlantic: Georges Bank to the eastern Gulf of Mexico; southern Brazil to Argentina (Ref. 58839).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over sandy and muddy bottoms. Feeds on bottom-living invertebrates and fishes. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 6901). Wings marketed fresh, smoked, dried-salted; used for fishmeal and oil. Harmful to shellfish banks; dangerous to bathers and fishers due to its poisonous spine. May attain well over 100 cm TL. Warm season visitor to coastal waters (Ref. 6902).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Raies et autres batoides. p. 845-886. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identificationpour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Mèditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3261)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2-6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.