Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Pomacanthus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated. Subtropical; - 34°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10629); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 10629)
Western Indian Ocean: Delagoa Bay, Mozambique to Knysna, South Africa.
Young occur singly and commonly found in tide pools. Adults are commonly seen in small groups in midwater or near the surface.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1988. Pomacanthus rhomboides (Gilchrist and Thompson), the valid name for the South African angelfish previously known as Pomacanthus striatus. Spec. Publ. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 46:7p. (Ref. 10629)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03090 (0.01359 - 0.07026), b=2.90 (2.72 - 3.08), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .