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Ichthyomyzon gagei  Hubbs & Trautman, 1937

Southern brook lamprey
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Ichthyomyzon gagei
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Cephalaspidomorphi (lampreys) > Petromyzontiformes (Lampreys) > Petromyzontidae (Northern lampreys) > Petromyzontinae
Etymology: Ichthyomyzon: Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek, myzo = to suckle (Ref. 45335);  gagei: Named after an early student of lampreys, Prof. S. H. Gage (Ref. 10294).   More on author: Hubbs.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate, preferred ?; 37°N - 31°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Mississippi River basins, Tennessee River drainage and Gulf of Mexico Coast drainages from Ochlockonee River in Florida to Galveston Bay in Texas, USA.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 11.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished by the following characters: Oral disc narrower than head; teeth blunt and poorly developed; usually 52-56 trunk myomeres; black on lateral-line pores; one slightly notch dorsal fin (Ref. 86798). Other adult diagnostic features: 8.6-12.9 cm TL. Body proportions, as percentage of TL (based on 35 specimens measuring 8.6-12.9 cm TL): prebranchial length, 8.3-11.2; branchial length, 8.3-11.1; trunk length, 47.0-56.0; tail length, 25.6-33.3; eye length, 1.1-2.1; disc length, 3.8-6.5. Urogenital papilla length, as a percentage of branchial length, in 6 spawning males measuring 9.2-11.1 cm TL, 22.7-33.3. Trunk myomeres, 50-56, with a strong mode at 53. Dentition: supraoral lamina, 2-4 teeth, usually 2; infraoral lamina, 5-10 unicuspid teeth, usually 8-9; 4-5 endolaterals on each side; 0-8 bicuspid endolaterals in total, the other endolaterals, unicuspid; 3-4 rows of anterials; first row of anterials, 3 unicuspid teeth; 3-4 rows of exolaterals on each side; 2 rows of posterials; first row of posterials, 9 unicuspid teeth; crest of transverse lingual lamina linear to weakly w-shaped, with no apparent cusps; longitudinal lingual laminae each with undetermined number of unicuspid teeth. Velar tentacle number unrecorded. Body coloration (preserved) distinctly bicolored, with the dorsal aspect dark and the ventral aspect light. Lateral line neuromasts darkly pigmented. Caudal fin pigmentation unrecorded. Caudal fin shape, rounded. Oral fimbriae number unrecorded. Oral papillae number unrecorded (Ref. 89241).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Freshwater (Ref. 89241). Inhabits gravel and sand riffles, and runs of creeks and small rivers. Ammocoete larvae occur in flowing water near sand bars and debris. Non-parasitic (Ref. 5723). Average fecundities varied from 713-2,448 eggs/female among 19 localities across the distributional range (Ref. 89241).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00107 (0.00040 - 0.00287), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=713).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .