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Schedophilus ovalis  (Cuvier, 1833)

Imperial blackfish
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Schedophilus ovalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Schedophilus ovalis (Imperial blackfish)
Schedophilus ovalis
Picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrolophidae (Medusafishes)
Etymology: Schedophilus: Greek, schedio, -ou= quickly + Greek, phyle = that likes a lot (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 70 - 700 m (Ref. 52180), usually 80 - 240 m (Ref. 27121).   Subtropical; 46°N - 35°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3596); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3596)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Spain and throughout most of the Mediterranean southward. Although reported to occur in South Africa (Ref. 4542, 6942), Smith 1995 (Ref. 11228) mentions that the species occurring in southern Africa is not Schedophilus ovalis but Schedophilus velaini. Western Central Atlantic: a small specimen recorded from Bermuda.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Prefers deep water at the edge of continental shelves and around oceanic islands; larger specimens near the bottom (Ref. 4542). Young are epipelagic and associate with floating jellyfish, including Physalia (Ref. 4542). Adults are caught on hooks baited with fish or squid. Its white flesh is reported to be good-tasting (Ref. 4542).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Haedrich, R.L., 1990. Centrolophidae. p. 1011-1013. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6942)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.47 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.