Labeo coubie  Rüppell, 1832

African carp
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335);  coubie: Named after the vernacular name of the specimens in Cairo (Egypt), which were used for the original description (Ref. 26192).   More on author: Rüppell.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 6°N - 6°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 22.0, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801); max. published weight: 5.0 kg (Ref. 3799)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-19; Anal soft rays: 8 - 11; Vertebrae: 31 - 33. Diagnosis: dorsal profile straight to slightly arched; body dark and dull, distal margin of dorsal fin straight or convex; rostral lobe poorly developed, its free margin smooth; inner surface of lips with transverse folds; body depth 2.3-3.3x SL; depth of caudal peduncle 0.7-1.3x its length; 26-46 (50-150mm) and 37-47 (150-250mm) gill rakers; scale formula 5.5-7.5/36-40/6.5-7.5; 4.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 16 (18) scales around caudal peduncle; 12-14 dorsal fin branched rays (Ref. 2940, 81282).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: very widespread, within the drainage basin of the Nile River (Ref. 1440, 2801, 2940), Chad, Niger-Bénoué, Volta, Senegal and Gambia basins, as well as Cross River (Ref. 1440, 2940, 81282) and Cameroon coastal rivers (Ref. 1440). Not reliable known from the Congo River basin (Ref. 1440) and one controversial record from the East coast of Africa (Ref. 1440). Ref. 2801 reports presence in Warri (Nigeria) and Kingani (Tanzania).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit rivers (Ref. 4967).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tshibwabwa, S.M., 1997. Systématique des espèces africaines du genre Labeo (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) dans les régions ichtyogéographiques de Basse-Guinée et du Congo. II. Presses Universitaires de Namur, Namur, Belgique. 227 p. (Ref. 26192)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00844 - 0.02258), b=3.02 (2.89 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.12-0.26; tmax=5; Fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.