Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335); coubie: Named after the vernacular name of the specimens in Cairo (Egypt), which were used for the original description (Ref. 26192). More on author: Rüppell.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 6°N - 6°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 22.0, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801); max. published weight: 5.0 kg (Ref. 3799)
soft rays: 8 - 11;
Vertebrae: 31 - 33. Diagnosis: dorsal profile straight to slightly arched; body dark and dull, distal margin of dorsal fin straight or convex; rostral lobe poorly developed, its free margin smooth; inner surface of lips with transverse folds; body depth 2.3-3.3x SL; depth of caudal peduncle 0.7-1.3x its length; 26-46 (50-150mm) and 37-47 (150-250mm) gill rakers; scale formula 5.5-7.5/36-40/6.5-7.5; 4.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 16 (18) scales around caudal peduncle; 12-14 dorsal fin branched rays (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Africa: very widespread, within the drainage basin of the Nile River (Ref. 1440, 2801, 2940), Chad, Niger-Bénoué, Volta, Senegal and Gambia basins, as well as Cross River (Ref. 1440, 2940, 81282) and Cameroon coastal rivers (Ref. 1440). Not reliable known from the Congo River basin (Ref. 1440) and one controversial record from the East coast of Africa (Ref. 1440). Ref. 2801 reports presence in Warri (Nigeria) and Kingani (Tanzania).
Inhabit rivers (Ref. 4967).
Tshibwabwa, S.M., 1997. Systématique des espèces africaines du genre Labeo (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) dans les régions ichtyogéographiques de Basse-Guinée et du Congo. II. Presses Universitaires de Namur, Namur, Belgique. 227 p. (Ref. 26192)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00844 - 0.02258), b=3.02 (2.89 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.12-0.26; tmax=5; Fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .