Polypterus endlicherii  Heckel, 1847

Saddled bichir
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Polypterus endlicherii
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Polypteriformes (Bichirs) > Polypteridae (Bichirs)
Etymology: Polypterus: Greek, poly = a lot of + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Heckel.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 32.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 63.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31256); max. published weight: 3.3 kg (Ref. 45875)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 14; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 14 - 18; Vertebrae: 53 - 57. Compressed body (Ref. 2835, 3036, 42908). Body depth 7.3 to 10.3 times in standard length; head length 4.2 to 5.2 times in standard length (Ref. 367). Head flattened (Ref. 367). Lower jaw prominent, longer than upper jaw (Ref. 367, 2756). Number of dorsal finlets: 11-14 (Ref. 42908). Number of branched dorsal and caudal rays: 20-26 (Ref. 2835). Pectoral fin reaching dorsal fin origin (Ref. 367). Ganoid scales (Ref. 42904): 50-59 lateral line scales, 40-46 scales around body, 11-16 predorsal scales (Ref. 367, Ref. 2835, Ref. 42908). Dorsal side yellow or green colored, ventral side paler (Ref. 2835), with irregular black transversal bands (Ref. 367, 2835). Head and fins with black spots (Ref. 367, 2835, 3069).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Nile River, Chad basin, Niger River, Volta River, Bandama River, upper Comoé River and Ouémé River (Ref. 2835).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits swamps and rivers. This species is essentially a piscivorous (Ref. 9695, 28714). Diet includes snails and crustaceans (Ref. 30488).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gosse, J.-P., 1990. Polypteridae. p. 79-87. In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome 1. Coll. Faune Trop. n° XXVIII. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren and Éditions de l'ORSTOM, Paris. 384 p. (Ref. 2835)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00321 - 0.00898), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.63 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.