Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes
(Sawbellies) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335); inaequalis: From the unequal length of the serrae in the series along the posterior edge of the preopercle.. More on author: Randall.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 10 m (Ref. 7459). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27370)
soft rays: 9. Pale red in color with edges of the scales darker red; a narrow darker red stripe between scale rows of the body; pelvis and spinous dorsal fines red. 4-5 oblique rows of scales on cheek. Body depth 2.5-2.8 in SL; head length 2.5-2.7 in SL; short snout, 4.25-4.85 in head length; interorbital width 4.75-5.0 in head length; lower jaw slightly inferior. Maxilla extending to between verticals at anterior edge of the iris and slightly posterior to center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.5-2.8 in head length; rounded anterior end of nasal bone; moderately large nasal fossa spineless; retrorse spine on nasal bone between the nasal fossa and edge of premaxillary groove; median edge of nasal bone (premaxillary groove margin) with a small recumbent retrorse spine; preopercular spine, 1.5-1.9 in orbit diameter; posterior edge of preopercle with unequal spinules, some 3-4 times longer than adjacent spines, and few in number (21-23, 6.75-7.2 cm SL); longest dorsal spines, 1.85-2.25 in head length; third anal spine 1.6-1.9 in head length. Rounded caudal fin lobes (Ref. 27370).
Western Indian Ocean: Chagos Archipelago, Comoro Islands, Seychelles, Reunion. Central Pacific: Line Islands (Kiribati).
An uncommon inhabitant of lagoon reefs (Ref. 9710). Seen only from poison stations (Ref. 9710).
Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00661 - 0.02881), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .