Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Alepocephalus: Greek, alepos, alepidotos = without scales + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335). More on author: Goode, Bean.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 365 - 1700 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water; 67°N - 17°N, 78°W - 4°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 55.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460); max. reported age: 38 years (Ref. 41452)
Eastern Atlantic: Greenland and Iceland southward to 17°N. Western Atlantic: Greenland to Grand Banks and 29°52'N, 77°09'W.
Found over ooze and sand bottoms (Ref. 4736). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mostly on coelenterates, but also decapods, tunicates and fishes (Ref. 4736).
Markle, D.F. and J.-C. Quéro, 1984. Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae). p. 228-253. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00263 - 0.01000), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.077; tmax=38; Fec = 458 (per batch)).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .