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Hippocampus trimaculatus  Leach, 1814

Longnose seahorse
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hippocampus trimaculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hippocampus trimaculatus (Longnose seahorse)
Hippocampus trimaculatus
Picture by Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC)

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 52034), usually ? - 20 m (Ref. 30915).   Tropical; 42°N - 42°S, 65°E - 132°W

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 14.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-22; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 4.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: southern India to Japan, Australia and Tahiti. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits gravel or sand bottoms around shallow reefs (Ref. 559); muddy estuaries and near mangroves, tolerating brackish waters (Ref. 48635). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. (Ref. 30915)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A4cd)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquaculture: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00160 - 0.01085), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=0.5-1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.