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Craterocephalus stramineus  (Whitley, 1950)

Strawman
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Craterocephalus stramineus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinidae (Silversides) > Craterocephalinae
Etymology: Craterocephalus: Greek, krater, -eros = bowl, mixing vessel + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 12 - ?.   Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Oceania: endemic to Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); common length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from all other species of that genus by a combination of the following: greatest body depth 3.1-4.1 (3.8); least body depth 8.0-9.9 (9.2); origin of pectoral to anus 2.8-3.1 (3.0), all in SL. Eye 2.6-3.5 (2.9) in head. Dorsal process of premaxilla 1.4-2.2 (1.8) in eye. Lips in premaxilla 2.6-3.7 (3.1). Predorsal scales 10-12 (10.9). Origin of first dorsal from one scale behind to 2.5 scales in front of tip of pectoral fin (Table 1). Unique in dentition and length of spines in first dorsal fin. Differs osteologically from other members of the genus by a combination of the following: shape of premaxilla and maxilla; lateral ramus of premaxilla with greatly reduced secondary process; shape of nasal bone; and with basibranchial toothplate present. Differs genetically from other species only in allele frequencies at the following loci: FUM, MDH and MPI (Ref. 26703).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in clear, flowing streams, as well as in still water. Found in well-vegetated stream and lake margins. Forms moderate-sized shoals, swimming just below the surface (Ref. 44894). Feeds on insects and their larvae, small crustaceans, snails and some algae. Although attractive, they are delicate and usually difficult to maintain in captivity (Ref. 44894).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Dyer, Brian S. | Collaborators

Crowley, L.E.L.M. and W. Ivantsoff, 1992. Redefinition of the freshwater fish genus Craterocephalus (Teleostei: Atherinidae) of Australia and New Guinea with an analysis of three species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 3(3):273-287. (Ref. 26703)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
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Predators
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Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
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Length-weight
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Morphometrics
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .