Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).
Considered as a synonym of S. trutta trutta (Ref. 13696).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 46888); depth range 0 - ? m, usually ? - 10 m. Temperate; 2°C - 16°C (Ref. 2059); 90°N - 33°N, 43°W - 30°E (Ref. 53495)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30578); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 682); max. published weight: 20.0 kg (Ref. 30578); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 27724)
Northeast Atlantic: southward to southern Norway; Iceland; southern Greenland. Non-migratory and land-locked relict populations south to the British Isles and central France. Reported from Greece (Ref. 27724), Estonia (Ref. 33247) and Argentina (Ref. 9086). Elsewhere circumpolar. Likely to benefit from environmental regulation passed in France on 8/12/88 (Ref. 2163). Considered a synonym of Salmo trutta trutta by Kottelat (Ref. 13696).
Repopulation of stocks usual in Europe. Original population still exists in the island of Corse in the Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 682). Often found in fast-flowing streams of mountain and sub-mountainous regions and sometimes even valleys (Ref. 9696). Feed on benthic invertebrates, insect larvae, aerial insects (in rivers) and mollusks. In addition, adults consume fish and frogs (Ref. 30578). Utilized fresh and smoked; eaten fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
Svetovidov, A.N., 1984. Salmonidae. p. 373-385. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 1.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00663 (-0.09141 - 0.10467), b=3.05 (2.98 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for species & genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1-5; tmax=8; K=0.21; Fec=1,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .