Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); nigripinnis: Dedicated to Mr. Louis Dollo from the Musée d'histoire naturelle de Bruxelles (Ref. 72505).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal. Tropical; 3°N - 7°S
Africa: coastal zone of Gabon and Equatorial Guinea (Sarotherodon nigripinnis nigripinnis) and the lower Kouilou in Republic of Congo to the lower Congo River estuary in Democratic Republic of Congo (Sarotherodon nigripinnis dolloi).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2)
Estuarine species, preferring brackish water but found in freshwater during low tide (Ref. 68431). Male mouthbrooder (Ref. 41581). No marked sexual dichromatism when sexually active; forms temporary pair-bonds during reproduction (Ref. 81260).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Males carry eggs (Ref. 41581). Males of Sarotherodon nigripinnis dolloi construct nest and incubate eggs (Ref. 55074). Incubatory period lasts about 14 days; female retrieves newly released young in mouth (Ref. 72506). Juveniles become independant after about 4 weeks (Ref. 55074).
Falk, T.M., G.G. Teugels and E.K. Abban, 2003. Revision and biogeographical analysis of the black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron (Teleostei, Cichlidae): results of morphometric, allozyme, globin chain and mtDNA studies. J. Nat. Hist. 37(18):2191-2212. (Ref. 72448)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .