Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 400 m (Ref. 100719). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Pakistan and the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Suez and southward to Somalia. Also reported from Saya de Malha Bank.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287)
Reportedly absent in water colder than 20°C or where the oxygen saturation is below 30%. Adults feed on small crustaceans and fish fry (Ref. 30573).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1984. Carangidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3287)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00798 - 0.01812), b=2.95 (2.83 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.39; tm=1.8-2.2; tmax=13).
Prior r = 0.75, 2 SD range = 0.46 - 1.21, log(r) = -0.29, SD log(r) = 0.24, Based on: 1 M, 2 K, 2 tgen, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .