Trachinotus botla  (Shaw, 1803)

Largespotted dart
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Trachinotus botla   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Trachinotus botla (Largespotted dart)
Trachinotus botla
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Trachinotinae
Etymology: Trachinotus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek,noton = back (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3197); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 2.3 kg (Ref. 3287)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 22-24; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 19 - 22. Bluish black above, silvery below; 1-5 large spots on or near LL (absent in specimens less than 15 cm, number of spots increasing with age); caudal, 2nd dorsal and anal fins dusky to blue-black, the lobes usually darker (Ref. 3197).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Somalia (Ref. 30573) and Kenya to Algoa Bay, South Africa; also Madagascar, Sri Lanka and western Australia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults occur inshore (Ref. 7300), in sandy surf zones; juveniles in shallow surf zones (Ref. 4332). Adults feed on crabs, mussels, and worms (Ref. 5213).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00516 - 0.02438), b=2.95 (2.75 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.