Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 9710). Subtropical; 42°N - 25°S, 97°W - 7°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 45.0, range 32 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 14.0 kg (Ref. 26340)
Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA) and Bermuda, through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean to São Paulo, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Eastern Central Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).
Adults prefer offshore reefs (Ref. 9710) and open marine waters (Ref. 26938). Juveniles often found near the shore on seagrass beds or often associated jellyfish or floating Sargassum (Ref. 5217). Generally solitary but sometimes seen in small groups (Ref. 26235). They feed on small fishes (Ref. 26235). Spawning occurs offshore from February to October (Ref. 26938). Flavor considered fair to good (Ref. 5521).
Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01433 - 0.03339), b=2.93 (2.81 - 3.05), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec > 7 million eggs).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .