Carangoides bartholomaei  (Cuvier, 1833)

Yellow jack
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Carangoides bartholomaei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Carangoides bartholomaei (Yellow jack)
Carangoides bartholomaei
Picture by Johnson, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical; 42°N - 25°S, 97°W - 7°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 45.0, range 32 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 14.0 kg (Ref. 26340)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 25-28; Anal spines: 2-3; Anal soft rays: 22 - 25. Upper jaw does not reach to anterior margin of eye. Juveniles have about 5 vertical dark bars on body.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA) and Bermuda, through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean to São Paulo, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Eastern Central Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults prefer offshore reefs (Ref. 9710) and open marine waters (Ref. 26938). Juveniles often found near the shore on seagrass beds or often associated jellyfish or floating Sargassum (Ref. 5217). Generally solitary but sometimes seen in small groups (Ref. 26235). They feed on small fishes (Ref. 26235). Spawning occurs offshore from February to October (Ref. 26938). Flavor considered fair to good (Ref. 5521).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01433 - 0.03339), b=2.93 (2.81 - 3.05), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec > 7 million eggs).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.