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Urophycis floridana  (Bean & Dresel, 1884)

Southern codling
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Urophycis floridana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Urophycis floridana (Southern codling)
Urophycis floridana
Picture by Lord, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Etymology: Urophycis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, phyke, pykis, -idos = the female of a fish that lives among algae (Greek = phykon), related with the gudgeon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 400 m (Ref. 57178).   Subtropical; 38°N - 23°N, 98°W - 73°W (Ref. 56856)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5232); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5232)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. Upper limb of the first gill arch with two rakers. A series of dark spots present on the head; a dusky black blotch on the opercle. Lateral line alternately black and white (Ref 26938).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: Beaufort, North Carolina south along the coast and into the Gulf of Mexico, where it occurs south off Mexico.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found onshore but most common in less than 300 m. Shallow-water specimens feed on crustaceans, worms and fish. Moves into bays and coastal waters during colder weather (Ref. 26938). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5044   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00292 - 0.00902), b=3.12 (2.96 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.