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Microgadus proximus  (Girard, 1854)

Pacific tomcod
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Microgadus proximus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Microgadus proximus (Pacific tomcod)
Microgadus proximus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Microgadus: Greek, mikros = samll + Latin, gadus = a fish, cod? (Ref. 45335);  proximus: From the Latin 'proximus' meaning next (Ref. 6885).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 275 m (Ref. 1371), usually 25 - 120 m (Ref. 1371).   Temperate; 62°N - 36°N, 170°W - 121°W (Ref. 1371)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27436)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 46-54; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 38 - 46. Body olive green dorsally, pale ventrally; fins dusky marginally.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: southeastern Bering Sea to central California, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Generally found over sand (Ref. 1371). May enter brackish water (Ref. 1371). Young move into shallow waters in summer and fall, whereas adults usually stay in deeper waters (Ref. 28499). Feeds on shrimps, amphipods, isopods, gastropods, mussels and fishes (Ref. 1371). An important prey species (Ref. 2850).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00455 - 0.01594), b=3.10 (2.94 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.