Lethrinus enigmaticus  Smith, 1959

Blackeye emperor
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Lethrinus enigmaticus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) > Lethrininae
Etymology: Lethrinus: Greek, lethrinia, a fish pertaining to genus Pagellus.   More on author: Smith.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range ? - 50 m.   Tropical; 3°S - 9°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 25.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295); common length : 32.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. Body is yellowish bronze or gray, becoming lighter ventrally. Sometimes three bronze stripes are on the upper side. The head is gray, brown or sometimes bronze with a series of yellowish cross stripes on the upper portion of the head and snout. A light streak radiates from the eye to the anterior nostril. the lower edge of the orbit has dark purplish spots. The maxilla is reddish. The fins are pale, yellowish or bronze.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: known only from the Seychelles. Has been synonymized with Lethrinus mahsena.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over seagrass beds, coral reefs and adjacent sandy areas. Feeds mainly on echinoderms, crustaceans, and fish, and to a lesser degree on mollusks. Smaller, more numerous females than males have been confirmed for the Saya de Malta population (Ref. 2295). Marketed fresh (Ref. 171).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen, 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01740 (0.00994 - 0.03045), b=2.98 (2.83 - 3.13), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.58 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.13-0.18).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.