Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 72 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 35°N - 26°S, 50°E - 180°E (Ref. 55)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.4, range 14 - 22 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 37970)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Dorsal profile of head moderately sloped. Preorbital width about equal to eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally whitish or pink with a yellowish brown to black stripe on the middle of the side. Juveniles and sub-adults with an intensely black mid-lateral stripe and an oval black spot, eye-sized or greater, lying in the middle of the stripe below last dorsal spines. Adults with yellow median fins (Ref. 48635).
Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, then southern India to New Caledonia and Gilbert Islands, extending northward to the Ryukyu Islands Replaced by Lutjanus ophuysenii from southeastern China and Taiwan to southern Korea and Japan (Ref. 37816).
Adults are found in the vicinity of coral reefs, also areas with flat bottoms and occasional low coral outcrops, sponges, and sea whips. They occur singly or in groups of up to about 30 individuals. Feed on fishes, shrimps, crabs and other benthic invertebrates.
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01397 (-0.01946 - 0.04739), b=2.97 (2.95 - 2.98), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.22-0.70; tmax=12).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .