Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Stomiinae
Etymology: Stomias: Greek, stoma = mouth; hard briddle (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 2173 m (Ref. 104125). Deep-water; 45°N - 50°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4464)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Eastern Atlantic: western Mediterranean south to Mauritania, and from Angola to South Africa. Southwest Atlantic: Nunavut to Argentina. Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). Also, sub-Antarctic region of the Indian Ocean sector south to Heard Island.
Found in deep oceanic waters to more than 1,000 m depth, may migrate to near-surface waters at night (Ref. 4783). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on midwater fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 4783).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. Jr., 1984. Stomiidae. p. 338-340. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4783)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00229 (0.00093 - 0.00562), b=3.16 (2.94 - 3.38), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .