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Gaidropsarus mediterraneus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Shore rockling
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Gaidropsarus mediterraneus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Shore rockling)
Gaidropsarus mediterraneus
Picture by Svensen, E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Lotidae (Hakes and burbots)
Etymology: Gaidropsarus: Greek, ga, ge = the earth + Greek, ydro = water + Greek psaros = speckled, starling (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 1 - 450 m.   Temperate; 5°C - 18°C (Ref. 12468); 62°N - 33°N, 10°W - 42°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Norway, around the western shores of the British Isles to the southwestern European and northwestern African coasts, and southern European coasts in the Mediterranean Sea, into the Black Sea, .

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. First dorsal-fin ray followed by a few small fleshy filament. Color varies, brown sometimes reddish and with a vermiculated or mottled pattern dorsally. Paler ventrally. The median fin borders dark (Ref. 1371). One barbel on the lower jaw and two on the snout. Marbled coloration on the back (Ref. 35388).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives generally at shallow depths near the shores on rocky bottom with aquatic vegetation to 60 m depth. Feeds on fish, crustaceans, worms and algae. Sold fresh in markets, also made into fish meal (Ref. 1371). Caught as a by-catch by various fishing gears (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 15.2, mean 10.1 (based on 505 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00246 - 0.00616), b=3.02 (2.89 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.