Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stephanoberyciformes
(Pricklefishes, bigscales and gibberfishes) > Melamphaidae
(Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Melamphaes: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, amphi = both side (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 75 - 1275 m (Ref. 58302), usually 125 - 150 m (Ref. 51657). Deep-water; 30°N - 30°S, 48°E - 112°W (Ref. 117122)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117122)
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 26 - 27. This species is distinguished by the following characters: gill rakers on first gill arch 15-18; width of suborbital bone is substantially larger than eye diameter; vertebrae 26-27, including 11 (rarely 12) abdominal vertebrae; spurs on haemal arch of first caudal vertebra; D III,14-16; A I,8-9, soft rays in pelvic fin 7; pelvic fin origin under vertical (or behind of the vertical) through posterior edge of pectoral fin base; anal fin origin under second to fifth rays of dorsal fin (from end of fin); no black dotted pigmented spots on head, body, and fins (Ref. 117122).
Trawled at depths greater than 125 meters (Ref. 4241).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ebeling, A.W., 1986. Melamphaidae. p. 427-432. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4241)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.2 - 23.7, mean 20.9 (based on 46 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00384 - 0.02603), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .