Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Aaptosyax: Greek, aaptos =giant, terrible + Greek, ykis, yaina, yanis, syaina, syax and syakon = a kind of sole; but it is also related to yaina =hyena and wild pig ; grypus: Named for its strongly curved jaws (Ref. 34719).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9497); max. published weight: 30.0 kg (Ref. 9497)
Well-developed adipose eye-lid, covering most of eye except pupil in large adults, less extensive in juveniles; presence of a large symphyseal knob in lower jaw fitting in a median notch in upper jaw (Ref. 43281).
Asia: Mekong River.
Inhabits mainstreams of middle reaches in deep rocky rapids. Juveniles occur in tributaries (Ref. 58784). A large fast-swimming predator, feeding on fish of the middle and the upper water levels. Although most common along the Thai-Lao border at the mouth of the Mun River, its numbers have drastically decreased in recent years. This is perhaps due to dam construction or excessive gill netting, to which active pursuit predators, like this species, are particularly vulnerable (Ref. 12693). Undertakes upstream migration at the same time as Probarbus sp. in December-February (Ref. 37770) which may be related to spawning activity (Ref. 9497). Attains over 30 kg (Ref. 9497).
Roberts, T.R. and T.J. Warren, 1994. Observations of fishes and fisheries in southern Laos and northeastern Cambodia, October 1993-Febuary 1994. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam. Soc. 42:87-115.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00484 - 0.02068), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (80 of 100) .