Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Amatitlania: Named for the type locality of the type species; 'Amatitlán' means 'a
place abundant in amate' in Nahuatl, 'amate' is a kind of rustic paper made from the bark of Ficus petiolaris or Ficus indica..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 15 - ?. Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Pacific slope of Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377); 8.0 cm TL (female)
(total): 17 - 18;
soft rays: 7 - 8. This species has no unique autapomorphies, the third (main) lateral bar uniformly wide (its width not uniform in other species); caudal blotch usually absent; no lateral spot or medial intensification of bars on side of body; absence of ocellus on dorsal fin; without abdominal blackening in mature females; palatine arms subequal; posteriad projection on ventroposterior angle of retroarticular
absent; articular with a right angle ventrally; an anteriorly directed pronounced convexity
on ventral process of articular present; anal-fin spines modally 7 (Ref. 74403).
Inhabits rivers and rivulets which have moderate to strong currents but is not found in the rapids. Prefers smaller rocks and gravel. Found up to 2000 feet of elevation. Omnivorous, feeding on algal filaments, aquatic insects, seeds and bottom detritus. Spawns in caves or crevices, preferring to adhere its eggs to an oblique or vertical surface. Produces about 200 offspring which feed on the parent's dermal mucus.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
300 eggs, female tends the clutch.
Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2007. A systematic revision of the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), with the description of two new genera and six new species. Zootaxa 1603:1-78. (Ref. 74403)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03236 (0.01423 - 0.07357), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.17 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .