Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 11 - 45 m (Ref. 9790). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9790); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9790)
soft rays: 11. Infraorbital and suborbital ridges bearing many fine serrations. Lower side of head unicarinate. Iris lappet bilobed. Caudal fin with dark basal band, whitish central band, blackish submarginal band becoming paler above, upper area usually with a few distinct dark spots.
Indo-West Pacific: Somalia, Mauritius, Seychelles, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Chagos Archipelago, Indonesia, Philippines, Port Moresby, northern Queensland and New Caledonia. Reported from India (Ref. 45255).
Taken over sand around coral reefs to depths of 11 m; one specimen taken by trawl at 45 m (Ref. 9790). Also occurs on silty sand or rubble bottoms near reefs (Ref 90102).
Knapp, L.W., 1999. Platycephalidae. Flatheads. p. 2385-2421. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00421 (-0.17630 - 0.18472), b=3.13 (3.02 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766