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Amblygaster sirm  (Walbaum, 1792)

Spotted sardinella
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Amblygaster sirm   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Amblygaster sirm (Spotted sardinella)
Amblygaster sirm
Picture by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Amblygaster: Greek, amblys = darkness + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 75 m (Ref. 12260).   Tropical; 35°N - 28°S, 31°E - 178°W (Ref. 188)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 15.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54980); common length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 1488)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 23. Scutes not prominent. Distinguished from A. clupeoides and A. leiogaster by the presence of a series of 10 to 20 gold (in life) or black (on preservation) spots down the flank (but sometimes missing) and more lower gill rakers; from Sardinops species by the absence of a bony radiating striae on its operculum; from Sardinella species by its fewer pelvic fin rays and lower gill rakers.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Mozambique to the Philippines, north to Taiwan and Okinawa (Japan), south to New Guinea, the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), northern Australia, and Fiji.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Pelagic (Ref. 53568). A schooling species occurring in coastal waters and lagoons. In Panggang Island, Indonesia it was recorded in temperatures of 28.5-29.8°C and salinities of 31.6-32.3 ppt (Ref. 823). Feeds mainly on copepods, nauplii and zoea larvae, larval bivalves and gastropods, as well as Peridinium and Ceratium. Used as bait in the tuna fishery.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00629 - 0.00958), b=3.04 (2.98 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.37-3.74; tm=1; tmax=8; Fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.