Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Chirocentridae
Etymology: Chirocentrus: Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335). More on author: Swainson.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 30573). Tropical; 33°N - 33°S, 29°E - 152°E (Ref. 188)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); max. published weight: 410.00 g (Ref. 4883)
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Solomon Islands, south to Australia (Ref. 33390). Questionably occurring in the Mascarenes (Ref. 33390). Probably similar to that of Chirocentrus dorab, but not always distinguished from that species (Ref. 188).
An inshore pelagic species that feeds mainly on small fishes, but also crabs (Ref. 5213). Marketed fresh or frozen.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00202 - 0.01133), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.74 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.24).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .