Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Onychostoma: Greek, onyx, -ychos = nail + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82789); common length : 16.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840); max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 9671)
With wide mouth, width about 1.5 times in maximum head width; adults without barbels; last simple dorsal ray strong and serrated posteriorly (in specimens over about 10 cm SL); caudal peduncle 1.7-2.7 times longer than deep (Ref. 43281).
Asia: Reported from the Chao Phraya and Mekong basins (Ref. 26336) and Annam (Ref. 26580), Nam Ma basin, Red River and Nanpangjiang basins (Ref. 43281).
Adults live in rapid current of mountain streams.
Huang, H. et al., 1987. The freshwater fishes of China in coloured illustrations. The freshwater fishes of China in coloured illustrations. (Ref. 9671)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00504 - 0.02277), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .