Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 80 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 23°N - 27°S, 79°E - 159°E (Ref. 55)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 18.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); max. reported age: 20 years (Ref. 37970)
soft rays: 9. Snout somewhat pointed, dorsal profile of head steeply sloped. Preorbital bone about equal to eye diameter, or slightly wider. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally blue-gray on upper side, grading to white or yellow white ventrally with a series of eight or nine or orange or yellow stripes on the sides. The fins are yellowish; the pectoral fins have a distinct black spot at base of uppermost rays and axil.
Indo-West Pacific: India to northern Australia. Sometimes referred to as Lutjanus chrysotaenia by past authors.
May be found in turbid coastal waters (Ref. 90102). Adults inhabit coral reefs in both sheltered lagoons and on outer reef slopes. Often encountered in schools of up to 20 to 30 individuals. (Ref. 55)
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00711 - 0.02680), b=2.99 (2.83 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.37-0.45; tmax=20; Fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .