Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Umbrina: Latin, umbra, -ae = shadow, in the sense of phantom; due to its quick movements (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?; 24°N - 3°S
Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Ecuador.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body oblong, its back arched; snout prominent; mouth small and inferior; lower jaw enclosed by upper; chin with a stiff barbel; edge of preopercle serrate; lower branch of first gill arch with 18 to 25 gill rakers; second dorsal fin long, with 29 to 33 soft rays; body silvery, bluish-gray; belly pale; flanks with dark stripes; branchial cavity fairly dark (Ref. 55763).
Found in sandy coasts and bays, also in littoral pools (Ref. 9118). Feeds on crustaceans and worms (Ref. 9118). Considered a good food fish (Ref. 9118). Sold fresh and its meat is highly valued (Ref. 55763).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chao, L.N., 1995. Sciaenidae. Corvinas, barbiches, bombaches, corvinatas, corvinetas, corvinillas, lambes, pescadillas, roncachos, verrugatos. p. 1427-1518. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para identificacion de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico Centro-oriental. 3 volumes. 1813 p. (Ref. 9118)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00431 - 0.01929), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .