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Lutjanus bengalensis  (Bloch, 1790)

Bengal snapper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Lutjanus bengalensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bengal snapper)
Lutjanus bengalensis
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: widespread; from South Africa to the Philippines; north to Japan. Records from the Middle East, including the Red Sea, refer to L. sapphirolineatus.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D XI,13 or 14 (usually 13); A III, 8; pectoral-fin 16 or 17; lateral-line scales 47-50; horizontal scale rows above the lateral line 8 or 9; scale rows above lateral line rising obliquely toward dorsal profile; predorsal scales extending forward nearly to level of just above anterior edge of orbit; scale rows on cheek 8-11; without subocular extension of cheek scales; gill rakers on first arch 7 or 8 + 15-17 = 22-25; tongue is smooth, toothless; preopercular notch developed just above angle; interopercular knob inconspicuous; the first blue stripe is running from above anterior edge of eye and ending below the 7?9th dorsal-fin spine base; third stripe usually running from middle of upper part of opercle or anterior edge of upper opercle to below posterior fourth of soft portion of dorsal fin, reaching the last soft dorsal-ray base (Ref. 110188).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults mainly inhabit coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 30573). They sometimes form small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours. Feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 30573).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Iwatsuki, Y., J.M. Al-Mamry and P.C. Heemstra, 2016. Validity of a blue stripe snapper, Lutjanus octolineatus (Cuvier 1828) and a related species, L. bengalensis (Bloch 1790) with a new species (Pisces; Lutjanidae) from the Arabian Sea. Zootaxa 4098(3):511-528. (Ref. 110188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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