Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 12°S, 32°E - 132°E (Ref. 55)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)
(total): 11 - 12;
soft rays: 8. Snout somewhat pointed; preorbital bone relatively narrow, its width usually less than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob well developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Color is generally bright yellow on the upper half of the body and white ventrally; upper sides with four blue stripes, the uppermost extending from the upper edge of the opercle to the base of the last dorsal rays, and the lowermost from the rear edge of the eye to the middle of the caudal peduncle. The medial fins are yellow; the pectoral and pelvic fins whitish (Ref. 469). Body depth max 2.5-2.9 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Indian Ocean: Red Sea and East Africa to Sumatra. Occasionally found in Indonesia as far east as Ambon.
Adults mainly inhabit coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 30573). They sometimes form small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours. Feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 30573).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00695 - 0.02869), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .