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Lepophidium stigmatistium  (Gilbert, 1890)

Mexican cusk-eel
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Lepophidium stigmatistium
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae (Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Lepophidium: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 238 m (Ref. 36413).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 29°N - 21°N, 119°W - 110°W (Ref. 91765)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: from the Gulf of California (Bahía de Los Angeles in the northern Gulf to Bahía de La Paz in the south) and from the outer coast of Baja California (Cedros Island) up to near the southern tip of the peninsula.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91765)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 123-131; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 103 - 109; Vertebrae: 80 - 84. This species is characterized by the following: usual number of vertebrae, precaudal 14 (rarely 13), caudal 53-54 (55), total 81-82 (80-84); number of fin rays, dorsal 123-131, anal 103-109, pectoral usually 20-21 (19-24); pyloric caeca usually 6 (5-7) in 2 whorls, usually 5-6+1; first gill arch with rudimentary rakers 4 (3-6) on the upper arm, 8 (7-10) developed rakers on the lower limb, 5-9 rudimentary rakers anteriorly on the first arch; total rakers 16-19; dorsal-fin origin often between neural spines 4-5 (11 specimens) and rarely between 2-3 or 3-4 (1 specimen) (Ref. 91765).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Rare species (Ref. 34024) inhabiting soft bottom (Ref. 9329). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36413). Oval, pelagic eggs float in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205). Little is known of this species (Ref. 9329).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 36413).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Robins, C.R., R.H. Robins and M.E. Brown, 2012. A revision of Lepophidium (Teleoastei, Ophidiidae), with descriptions of eight new species. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 52(1):1-94. (Ref. 91765)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .