Hyperoplus lanceolatus  (Le Sauvage, 1824)

Great sandeel
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Hyperoplus lanceolatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Great sandeel)
Hyperoplus lanceolatus
Picture by Svensen, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Ammodytidae (Sand lances)
Etymology: Hyperoplus: Greek, hyperoplos = that has vanity with its weapons (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 6 - 30 m (Ref. 57178).   Temperate; 80°N - 37°N, 25°W - 36°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - 15 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4674); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Tip of pectoral fin reaches the front end of the dorsal fin. Dark spot on each side of the snout. Two pointed teeth in the palate. Upper jaw not protractile (Ref. 35388).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Murman and Spitzbergen to Portugal, including Iceland and much of the Baltic.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inshore, including the inter-tidal zone and estuaries, and offshore to about 60 m depth. Commonly associated with Ammodytes species. Feeds initially on zooplankton, later small fish (clupeids and ammodytids) dominate the diet. Summer batch spawner. Used mainly for fishmeal and oil, but also utilized fresh and pan-fried for human consumption (Ref. 9988).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlström, 1974. Collins guide to the sea fishes of Britain and North-Western Europe. Collins, London, UK. 244 p. (Ref. 173)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; bait: occasionally
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00229 (0.00113 - 0.00463), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.68 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2; Fec=35,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.