Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes
(Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae
(Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Hydrolagus: Greek, hydr = water + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 25 - 950 m (Ref. 26346), usually 100 - 600 m (Ref. 89422). Deep-water; 34°S - 47°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 96.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26346); common length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Southwest Pacific: endemic to New Zealand.
Inhabits the outer continental shelf and upper slope (Ref. 26346). Feeds on crustaceans, shellfish, worms and small fish (Ref. 26346). Maximum length 87 cm without tail filament (Ref. 26346), assumed to have 96 cm TL. Marketed as fillets (Ref. 26346).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, young hatch from egg case at about 9-12 cm (Ref. 26346).
Cox, G. and M. Francis, 1997. Sharks and rays of New Zealand. Canterbury Univ. Press, Univ. of Canterbury. 68 p. (Ref. 26346)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00245 (0.00118 - 0.00510), b=3.15 (2.96 - 3.34), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .