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Periophthalmus barbarus  (Linnaeus, 1766)

Atlantic mudskipper
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Periophthalmus barbarus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Periophthalmus barbarus (Atlantic mudskipper)
Periophthalmus barbarus
Picture by Moreau, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Oxudercinae
Etymology: Periophthalmus: Greek, peri = around + Greek, ophthalmos = eye (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; reef-associated; amphidromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 16°N - 15°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 9.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7390)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Eyes protruding and close together with lower eyelid fold; snout deep; mouth horizontal. Two separate dorsal fins, the first high, with 11 flexible spines, the second lower, its base longer than the distance from end to caudal fin origin; pectoral fins with a long muscular lobe; pelvic fins united across bases; caudal fin with lower rays short, and stout. Color is brownish with oblique dark bars, belly lighter; dorsal fins with a broad distal longitudinal dark band and pale edge (Ref. 3657); no frenum uniting pelvic fins; large adult size, approaching 150 mm SL; longitudinal scale count 86-107; head width 15.4-21.8% SL; pelvic fin length 14.2-16.0% SL; length of anal fin base 14.1-17.7% SL; length of D2 base 20.9-24. 1 %SL; total D2 elements 11-14; total anal fin elements 9-11; TRDB 20-34 (Ref. 5218).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Senegal to Angola (Ref. 7390), including most offshore islands - Macias Nguema, São Tomé, and Principe islands (Ref. 10814). Western Central Pacific: Guam (Ref. 35720).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Amphibious air-breather (Ref. 31184) that skips or walks on sand or mud in search of food; that is, on exposed intertidal mud flats of estuarine mangrove swamps. Adult feed chiefly on arthropods (crabs, insects, etc.) of the mud surface. Also included in the diet is the white mangrove, Avicennia nitida (Ref. 3026). Spawn in burrows (Ref. 3657).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Harrison, I.J. and P.J. Miller, 1992. Gobiidae. p. 798-821. In C. Levêque, D. Paugy, and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest Tome 2. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° 28. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, France, 902.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00474 - 0.02538), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.42 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.89; Fec=2,100; assuming tm= 2.5 years based on growth curve).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.