Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 30 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 9°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 9. Males resemble S. bowersi but differs in that the tan area of S. bowersi does not extend as far back as the anal fin (Ref. 1602). Initial phase has a distinctive black spot at front of the anal fin and yellowish tail and soft dorsal fin.
Indo-Pacific: Moluccas in Indonesia, Philippines, Ryukyus in Japan and Palau.
A rare species found in coastal and outer reefs with dense coral cover (Ref. 9710); often silty habitats (Ref. 48636).
Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (-0.16711 - 0.17489), b=3.12 (3.03 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .