Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Calamus: Greek, kalamos = reed, cane (Ref. 45335). More on author: Guichenot.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 85 m (Ref. 9626), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 9626). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3815)
soft rays: 10. Dorsal profile of head moderately steep; prefrontal tubercle not well developed; silvery with a lavender iridescence, the edges of the scales brownish yellow and the centers with a vertically elongate iridescent blue-green or blue spot (Ref. 13442).
Western Atlantic: Bahamas to Brazil, including the southern part of the Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean Sea.
Adults often seen over rocky areas or reefs, but also on flat bottoms to about 85 m depth, while the young inhabit shallower waters (Ref. 3815). Feeds on crabs, mollusks, worms, brittle stars and hermit crabs (Ref. 3815). This is the most common species of the genus in the Antilles (Ref. 3815). Important food fish (Ref. 3815).
Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02086 (-0.09700 - 0.13872), b=2.94 (2.87 - 3.01), based on LWR estimates for species & family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .