Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Synbranchiformes
(Spiny eels) > Mastacembelidae
Etymology: Mastacembelus: Greek, mastax, -agos = bite + Greek, emballo = to throw oneself (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19. Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1672)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Soft-rayed portions of median fins and pectoral fin with a sharply defined white distal margin, basal portion of dorsal, anal and caudal fins dark, that of pectoral fin dark or with broad vertical bars; head and anterior part of body with longitudinal red and black bands, rest of body with red spots or elongate marks on a black background (Ref. 39392).
Asia: Thailand and Cambodia to Indonesia.
A large lowland floodplain species occurring in slow moving rivers and inundated plains. Feeds on benthic insect larvae, worms and some plant material (Ref. 12693). Caught by dry pumping bodies of standing water. Marketed fresh and often seen in the aquarium trade. Has apparently become rare in recent years (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00120 - 0.00635), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.27 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .