Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Kamoharaia: Because of T. Kamoharai, Japanese contemporary ichthyologist.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal. Deep-water
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3131)
soft rays: 84 - 86. Mouth extremely large, maxillary strongly protruding beyond the tip of the snout anteriorly, and extending far beyond lower eye posteriorly. Upper jaw with 3 to 4 pairs of larger teeth anteriorly, and lower jaw with 3 pairs of curved strong canines anteriorly. Pectoral fin dark.
Western Pacific: southern Japan and Taiwan to the Indo-Australian Archipelago (including western Australia).
Inhabits sand and mud bottoms at depths of about 800 m (Ref. 9824). Rarely caught with bottom trawls (Ref. 9824).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sainsbury, K.J., P.J. Kailola and G.G. Leyland, 1985. Continental shelf fishes of the northern and north-western Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research; Clouston & Hall and Peter Pownall Fisheries Information Service, Canberra, Australia. 375 p. (Ref. 3131)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00432 - 0.02315), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .