Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 34291). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34290); common length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34290)
Lateral line running along middle of the flank and the caudal peduncle. Flap of skin in front of upper lip. Jaws with horny cutting ridges. Barbels hidden. Olivaceous dorsally, light or creamy ventrally. Dorsal, anal and pelvic fins often orange-tipped (Ref. 34290).
Africa: Lake Victoria (Nile drainage basin). There is one record from the Victoria Nile and one from Lake Kyoga.
Occurs in shallow inshore waters and influent rivers (Ref. 34291). Spends most of its life span in lake, but spawns in flooded grassland beside both permanent and temporary streams. Caught with weirs and in baskets (Ref. 4967). Feeds on detritus and algae (Ref. 13624). Also feeds on rotifers growing on the body of other fishes (Ref. 34291). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Reid, G.M., 1985. A revision of African species of Labeo (Pisces: Cyprinidae) and a re-definition of the genus. Verlag von J. Cramer, Braunschweig. 322 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00943 (-0.14223 - 0.16110), b=3.06 (2.98 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for species & genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.22 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .