Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Macrotocinclus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, ous = ear + Latin, cinclus = latticework; in allusion to the holes of the head in the ears.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19. Tropical; 20°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36885)
South America: vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Mainly nocturnal. Feeds on algae (Ref. 6868). Aquarium keeping: feeds on plants and roots; in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa 1418:1-628. (Ref. 58032)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: highly commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .